Stirring the Earth TubConstructing the hoop houseRelaxing by native plants and pondCardinal flowerSwamp Rose Mallow or Wild Cotton (Hibiscus moscheutos)Elegant Stinkhorn, Devil's Dipstick, Devil's Horn, Devil's Stinkpot, Dog Penis Fungus (Mutinus elegans)ConeflowersGoldenrodPrescribed burn in the woodsNative plants around retention pondElectric campus delivery vehicleElectric car charging stationWCC student boards an AATA hybrid bus (c) Robert Conradi 2011LED sidewalk lightingOE building geothermal equipmentFull bike rack on a sunny daySolar photovoltaic and hot water panels for classroom useSolar powered emergency phone and trash compactor

Campus

Founded in 1966, Washtenaw Community College (WCC) is a comprehensive 2-year public community college located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The majority of students are from Southeastern Michigan, but the College also attracts students from all over the world. Over the last decade, the number of full-time students has more than doubled in size to the current enrollment of over 9,700.

The campus is comprised of 19 buildings totaling 1,007,251 square feet. Buildings range in size from under 200-sf storage facilities to the 180,000-sf Crane Liberal Arts & Science Center. The oldest building is the Technical & Industrial building (1970); the two newest facilities are the Health & Fitness Center (2007) and a new parking structure (2012). The average age of the building stock is 23 years old. Buildings are centralized on the 285 acre site surrounded by surface parking lots, a ring road and natural landscaped areas.

As a signatory of the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, the college is “deeply concerned about the unprecedented scale and speed of global warming and its potential for large-scale, adverse health, social, economic and ecological effects.

The college has conducted a Greenhouse Gas Inventory and is developing a Climate Action Plan. More information is available at the ACUPCC Reporting System.

It takes a lot of energy to make WCC run! The college uses almost 20 million kWh of electricity each year, and almost 1 million ccf of natural gas. After commuting, electricity and natural gas consumption are the two biggest contributors to WCC’s carbon footprint.

Some of the things we’ve done to reduce our energy consumption include:

  • We’ve developed heating and cooling season temperature procedures that promote conservation.
  • We minimize HVAC fan system and equipment run times.
  • We exploit cost effective retrofit opportunities for efficient lighting, HVAC, motors, and VFDs. From our point of view, “off” is better than “on” and “slow” is better than “fast.”
  • We’ve installed occupancy sensors in classrooms and office areas.
  • We’ve eliminated incandescent lamps and installed T-8 fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts, compact fluorescent lamps, and LED fixtures in parking lots.
  • We’ve installed two “green screens” and a website, in the Occupational Education Building to promote and display energy conservation information.
  • We’ve installed solar panels on the roof of the Occupational Education Building that generate enough energy to produce hot water for the entire 123,000 s.f. building.
  • Board Policy requires that we purchase Energy Star rated products and equipment whenever reasonably practical.
Around 200 tons of solid waste are disposed of by the college each year. This waste contributes about 200 million tons of CO2 equivalent greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

To further reduce our waste:

  • We’ve implemented a comprehensive campus recycling program. We now recycle paper, cardboard, metal, plastic, and glass.
  • We compost food and yard waste.
  • The College now minimizes press runs of campus publications, consistent with actual need; and reduced or eliminated the distribution of phone books; switching to online directories.
  • We’ve reduced the use of Third Class junk mail.
  • We have a goal to recycle at least 80% of the campus waste stream. We’re currently at 48%.
  • We participate in the annual RecycleMania event and have placed in the top ten in the Waste Minimization category in recent years.

For more information, look at the Recycling Operations web site.

With almost 10,000 full year equivalent students and over 1,000 faculty and staff, there is a lot of commuting to WCC’s campus every week. For example, we estimate that students drive over 23 million miles and consume almost 1 million gallons of gasoline in a year.

Some of the projects we’ve implemented to reduce our transportation footprint include:

  • We subsidize bus transportation by students, staff and faculty by providing free travel away from campus to anyone with an ID.
  • We provide free, needs based, bus passes to students.
  • We’ve encouraged ridesharing through ZIMRIDE and other ridesharing programs.
  • We’ve increased the number of bike racks on campus.
  • We’ve provided designated preferred parking for users of low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicles for LEED projects.
  • We’ve installed six electric vehicle fueling stations in our parking structure.

With the Huron River as the northern border of our campus, WCC has a intimate connection to water.

We’ve been working hard to both conserve water usage and to minimize the impact of our waste water.

  • We’ve switched to waterless and one-pint urinals.
  • We’ve installed automatic faucets in lavatories.
  • We’ve eliminated all water consuming air compressors and condensers on campus.
  • We’ve replaced water consuming heating pumps in our Energy Center.
  • We’ve specified pervious paving in the Fitness Center parking lot; the Athletic Fields parking lot; and the 56 space parking lot of the Parking Structure to be completed later this spring.
  • We’ve constructed Bioswales at our Athletic Fields to remove silt and water pollutants from surface runoff water.
  • We’ve constructed vegetated roofs on portions of the Occupational Education Building and the Parking Structure.
  • We’ve installed a rainwater collector on the roof of the Occupational Education Building to irrigate the building’s partial vegetated roof.

There is about 1 million square feet of building space on the WCC campus, all of which impacts our energy consumption, water consumption, overall environmental footprint and our bottom line. To reduce the impact of buildings on campus we have tried to use sustainable and green building design principles in our new construction and remodeling. These include:

  • We’ve sited new buildings so that environmental and transportation impacts are minimized.
  • We’ve designed for state-of-the-art energy efficiency and substantially exceed energy codes.
  • We require the use of environmentally friendly building materials and products.
  • We’ve included recycling collection space and systems in building design programs.
  • We recycle construction and demolition debris.
  • We’ve used the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) green building rating system to guide design and certify new and remodeled buildings. Board policy dictates that all new buildings and major remodeling will be designed at least to meet LEED Silver level and earn at least 40% of the available points for energy performance.
Sustainability means protecting the Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) as well as the outdoor environment.

To maintain a high IEQ:

  • We use low VOC paints.
  • For new buildings and major remodeling we run the building’s ventilation system prior to occupancy to remove VOCs in the building.
  • We monitor and lab test indoor air quality during renovations of occupied buildings.
  • We specify low-emitting materials during renovations including adhesives and sealants for carpet, rubber floors, VCT, and ceramic tile.
  • We have eliminated the use of composite wood and agri-fiber products (particleboard, MDF, plywood, and wheat-board) that contain urea-formaldehyde resins.
  • We specify furniture and seating that is Greenguard certified.
  • We install walk-off mats at all building entrances to capture dirt, water, and other materials tracked inside by people and equipment.
The way we clean our buildings affects the staff who use the cleaning products, the students, staff and faculty that work in the buildings, and the outside environment.

Some things we’ve done to make a greener cleaning program are:

  • We’ve implemented a green cleaning program and purchase mostly Green Seal GS-37 certified cleaning products.
  • We use recycled content paper products; and have begun to install (BEB only) hand air-dryers to eliminate the use of paper.
  • We purchase sustainable cleaning equipment, which meets the requirements of the Carpet & Rug Institute’s (CRI) Green Label, when it’s practical to do so.
  • We’ve established guidelines for safe handling and storage of cleaning chemicals.
  • We’ve installed hand sanitizers in all building classrooms and labs.